The Arabian Peninsula is connected with the east by the Arabian Gulf and that of Oman; to the south by the Arabic Sea or the Indian Ocean; Westward by the Red Sea; Northbound by Jordan and Iraq.
The total area of the peninsula is 1,250,000 square miles including 450,000 square miles in the pure desert and is part of an entire desolate area.
The most famous desert is known as Ar-Rub’Al-Khali (the empty district) which extends on an area of 250,000 square miles.
To the north of a large desert in Al-Ahsa or Bahrain, and Oman is to the south and east of Ar-Rub’Al-Khail.
In the Gulf of Arabia Dubai, Abu Dubai, and Muscat are the best-known cities.
To the West of Ar-Rub’-Al-Khali are Asir and Najran, which are situated on the coast of the Red Sea.
On the north of Ar-Rub Al-Khali is Najad in a square shape, on the east of which Bahrain is located, on the west Hijaz is situated, and on the north is the desert of Iraq and Syria.
Hijaz is located in the west of Najd and on the coast of the Red Sea. It comprises the cities of Makkah and Madina.