Pre-partition #1 Introduction
The creation of Pakistan as a sovereign independent state on 14 August 1947 was the culmination of the endeavor that initiated in 1857 to achieve independence from British domination over the Indo-Pak Sub-continent.
Owing to the unity of the Indians the partition of the sub-continent was opposed. On the one side Muslims and the side hand non-Muslims, it was asserted that “India” was “geographically one”, indicating its political unity. Whereas, Historically the unity of India was insignificant, and the consequence of British rule.
The British arrived in the region at the of beginning the 17th century as traders (merchants) and ultimately emerged as the rulers of India. They threw the Muslim rulers who had ruled the subcontinent of India for 650 years. In the course of its long history, dating back to about 400 B.C. only nine large and small empires had ruled the sub-continent. Of these, only four (the Mauryan, Tughluk, Mughal, and British) ruled vast areas. However, earlier the Dravidians and the Aboriginal tribes were the emperors. In order to understand the inception of Pakistan, a glance into the history of the subcontinent of India seems necessary.
Pakistan’s story can be analyzed into six different periods: Prehistory, the ancient empires, from about 3000 BC to the sixth century AD; the beginning of Islam, from the 7th (712-14th century) to the late 14th century; the Mughal Period; and Pakistan since partition and after the independence.